Garden egg also known as eggplant is used as a food crop in several countries in Africa. It is a small, white fruit with a teardrop or roundish shape that is valued for its bitterness. There is a debate on the specific species of garden egg. Garden egg is an important crop in many African countries and is indigenous to sub-Saharan Africa. It can be stored for up to three months by letting it dry.In Nigeria, garden eggs are usually at their best from August through October when they come to the market in droves and can be either enjoyed fresh alone or with groundnut or cooked into a sumptuous sauce, which is eaten with boiled yam or plantain.
Below are health benefits of Garden egg you should know:
1. Garden egg positively helps with heart problems and it helps to make the weight reduction diet more successful.
2. The yellow-colour flesh has a bitter-sweet taste as a result of the presence of small amounts of nicotinoid alkaloids and spongy consistency which helps to lower eye pressure in persons with glaucoma without side effect even with high consumption.
3. It is high in potassium, a necessary salt that helps in maintaining the function of the heart and regulate blood pressure.
4. It helps in the treatment of stomach ulcers.
5. Eating garden egg is good for reducing blood cholesterol. It is also a great dietary option for diabetic patients due to its ability to reduce the absorption of glucose in the body and reduce blood sugar levels. It also possesses low soluble carbohydrates, which assist in this regard.
6. Garden egg is great for pregnant women as it is loaded with vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients which make it an essential part of every pregnant woman’s daily vegetable consumption.
7. The leaves can serve as a natural blood tonic in anaemic patients. The leaves also provide women with micronutrients which help in improving blood level.
8. Garden egg is one of the anti-cancer fruit which has been helping for over decades.
9. It provides the body with both fat soluble vitamins and water soluble vitamins, which are rich in Thiamin (Vitamin B6) required for normal growth and proper functioning of the heart and nervous system.
10. Garden egg helps prevent blood clots with the help of vitamin K and bioflavonoids, which strengthen capillaries.
11. Potassium present in garden egg helps in the control of high blood pressure and relieves stress.
12. Just as it happens with other foods that contain fibre, garden eggs help with digestion of food by ensuring the smooth passage of food in the body so that there is no chance of bloating, it prevents constipation and good for general colon health.
13. As a result of its potassium content, this vegetable also aids removes puffiness during pregnancy. It is common for pregnant women to get puffy because of weight gain and oedema, especially on the legs, but this can be controlled/prevented during the nine-month journey by regular consumption of garden egg.