A new study has shown that people who eat breakfast regularly do not lose weight but rather consume more calories each day.
The analysis also found that people who skip it may not have an increased appetite later in the day.
According to the research published in the BMJ on Wednesday, those who ate breakfast experienced no weight loss and people who skipped their morning meal also saw no weight gain.
Public health agencies and official eating guidelines have long stressed the importance of eating breakfast to lose weight and achieve a healthy diet but “this study clearly shows that isn’t a good idea,” said lead author Dr Flavia Cicuttini, professor of epidemiology at Monash University in Melbourne, Australia.
Cicuttini’s team pooled results from 13 clinical trials from high-income countries, mainly the United States and the UK, from the last 28 years.
The studies included people who regularly eat breakfast and non-breakfast eaters. Five trials included overweight participants, the remaining had people with any range of body weight.
Some trials looked at how breakfast effected on daily energy intake and others examined the relationship between eating in the morning and changes in body weight.
People that skipped breakfast were on average 0.44 kg [0.97 pounds] lighter, according to the paper.
The results suggest that eating breakfast contributes to weight gain “simply by more calorie intake,” according to Cicuttini.
The clinical trials show that if people are encouraged to eat breakfast, they still eat more calories than they should later in the day, she said.
However, she added the latest findings should be interpreted with caution because some of the 13 trials used in their study didn’t last long and the quality of the trials varied.